“know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:” Dan.9:25-26
The Young’s Analytical Concordance defines “the Messiah the Prince” as ‘the Anointed’ ‘the Leader’ which speaks of two major events in the life of Christ; ‘the Anointed’ indicating his baptism, and ‘the Leader’ referring to the title he received upon his Triumphant Entry into Jerusalem.
The timeline in Part 2 begins at 445 BC, the date of completion concerning the commandments to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, which was explained in Part 1, The First Seven Weeks.
When sixty two weeks or 434 years are subtracted from 445 BC, we arrive at 11 BC, which is neither the date of the Lord’s baptism nor the time of his Triumphant Entry.
Therefore, it is obvious that these ‘62 weeks’ cannot be thought of as a continuous passage of time. And, that gaps must and do exist within the prophetic timeframe of 434 years.
The only way to find a gap is to proceed from 445 BC to the Triumphant Entry, looking for an event that might constitute a pause within the weeks.
One such event that can account for a gap and bring the prophetic weeks to a stop is the appearance of someone other than a Judean or “the Messiah the Prince” ascending the throne of David at Jerusalem.
Though, many kings of gentile nations have ruled over Judah, none of these kings sought the throne of David, until the reign of Antiochus IV.
Antiochus IV, king of the Seleucid kingdom, besieged Jerusalem in 168 BC, at which time he, desecrated the Temple, changed the religious and civil laws of God, and rebuilt the city as a Seleucid fortress.
Thus, from the moment that Antiochus entered Jerusalem as its conqueror and king, the prophetic timeline came to a stop.
The reign of Antiochus over the holy city did not last long, coming to an end when his troops were challenged, defeated, and ousted by the Maccabees in 165 BC.
The successful victory of the Maccabees led to the recommencement of the prophetic weeks, which continued unobstructed through history for 128 years, until Herod the Great.
Herod, a cruel and ambitious gentile, was elected king of Judah by the Roman Senate, ascending the throne of David in 37 BC.
Once again, someone other than a Judean or “the Messiah the Prince” had been proclaimed king to the throne in Jerusalem, bringing the weeks to a halt, and creating a gap that lasted 31 years.
Though, Herod reigned as king in Jerusalem until 4 BC, it was the birth of the legitimate heir to the throne two years earlier that set the prophetic weeks back in motion.
“And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.” Luke 2:9-11
“Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.” Matt.2:1-2
Upon an inquiry made by the three wise men concerning the little King, and the prophecies revealed by the chief priests and scribes, Herod was given good reason to fear, and sought to destroy the threat to his throne. Matt.2:1-6
“Behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.” Matt. 2:13
As the parents of Jesus flee with the child to the land of Egypt, a third gap occurs, creating another pause within the prophetic weeks.
Since, a king or ruler in exile is no longer officially revered or regarded as such; the timeline must remain at a standstill, until the return of Jesus.
There are no recorded dates concerning the years spent by the Christ child in exile. However, due to the gathering of previous mathematical data, one is now able to calculate the number of missing years.
After the years were realized, the discovery of two dates followed, with 5 BC as the year they fled into Egypt, and 1 BC as the year of their return to the land of Israel.
The timeline resumes again upon the return of Jesus to his homeland, and continues to his baptism at the age of 30 in 24 AD.
To proof 24 AD as the year Christ was baptized, we need three vital pieces of information.
First, we find the age of Christ at the time of his baptism.
“And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli.”
Second, in John 2:1-20 we read the story of a miracle done by Jesus in his first year of ministry, which coincides with the forty-sixth year of temple construction.
“Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?”
Knowing that Christ was about 30 years of age in the forty-sixth year of Temple construction, means we have only to search for the exact time in which this construction first began, to discover and proof the actual dates of his baptism, birth and crucifixion.
Our third piece of information is found in 22 BC, the year when preliminary work for the reconstruction of the Temple began, which involved the placement of massive raised platforms that doubled the size of the Temple Mount.
It was this preliminary work that was viewed ‘literally’ by those living in and around Jerusalem as the start of an established year in which the Temple labor began.
When we subtract 22 BC, the start of temple mount construction, from forty six years of continuous building, we arrive at 24 AD, the year that Christ was baptized, “being about thirty years of age.”
Also, if we take the age of Christ, thirty, and subtract it from the year he was baptized, 24 AD, we arrive at the date when our Lord was born, 6 BC.
We can also take 24 AD, the year in which our Lord’s ministry began, and then add three and a half years, the length of time his ministry lasted, to reveal the date of his crucifixion, 27 AD.
The baptism of Christ came with an anointing that actually began his ministry and brought upon him the title “the Messiah,” which is clearly written about in the fourth chapter of Luke.
The following passage makes mention to the anointing of our Lord Jesus Christ, along with a reference to his fulfillment of ancient prophetic scripture, which seals his ministry as “the Messiah.”
“THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE HATH ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR; HE HATH SENT ME TO HEAL THE BROKENHEARTHED, TO PREACH DELIVERANCE TO THE CAPTIVES, AND RECOVERING OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND, TO SET AT LIBERTY THEM THAT ARE BRUISED, TO PREACH THE ACCEPTABLE YEAR OF THE LORD. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. And he began to say unto them. This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.” Luke 4:18:21
The Lord fulfills the second part of his title “the Prince,” as he rides into Jerusalem, atop a colt of an ass, in 27 AD.
“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.” Zech.9:9
“And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon. And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way. And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen; Saying, BLESSED BE THE KING THAT COMETH IN THE NAME OF THE LORD: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.” Luke 19:35-38
As the Lord made his Triumphant Entry through the gated city of Jerusalem, he utterly fulfills his title as “the Messiah the Prince,” bringing an end to the timeline, just before his crucifixion. “And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:” Dan.9:26
The following chart begins in the year 445 BC, which is the ending year of the first seven weeks, and continues to 27 AD, the fulfilled year of “the Messiah the Prince.”
445-168 BC = 277 years = 39 wks
King Antiochus IV
168-165 BC = 3 years
165-37 BC = 128 years = 18 wks
King Herod the Great
37-6 BC = 31 years
Christ, the King is born
6-5 BC = 1 year = wk
The Child is taken into Egypt
5-1 BC = 4 years
Return of the Christ Child to the
Triumphant Entry of “the Messiah the Prince”
1 BC + 27 AD = 28 years = 4 wks
Commencing date of the 62 weeks to “the Messiah the Prince”
445 BC – 27 AD = 472 years
Fulfilled prophetic years:
277yrs + 128yrs + 1yr + 28yrs = 434 years
Gaps between prophetic years:
3yrs + 31yrs + 4yrs = 38 years
Prophetic years and gaps:
Prophetic years-434yrs + gaps-38 yrs = 472 years
Prophetic years converted to weeks:
39 + 18 + + 4 wks
Total- 62 weeks
When we identify all the various historical events associated with Daniel part 2, then match them to their dates, calculate the number of years connected to a prophetic passage of time, and convert it into weeks, it should total to exactly 62, which it did.
With the completion of both Part 1 and 2 of Daniel’s 70 Weeks, we can now account for a total of sixty nine weeks, which leaves one last week to detail and chart.
I realize that many may try to dismiss the use of any and/or all historical dates, declaring them disputable and unresolved. Yet, I am faithful in the knowledge that the Lord does provide and equip those who seek diligently after truth, with precise answers and insight, giving us an accurate interpretation of his complete and perfect Word.