Who or What is Gog

“Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.”Ez.38:2-3


The term ‘Gog’ is a strange little word that has limited use in the Bible, and is rarely found in application outside the scriptures.


In the Hebraic language the name ‘Gog’ means, ‘high mountain’, and could be of some significance, since, most Old Testament names were given as a sign or to commemorate an event.


When we read “Gog, the land of Magog.”, Gog is clearly identified as a land mass. Eze.38


Yet, as we continue to read, we find that the verse suggests Gog is also a person, “chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.”


Since, there is some confusion, we need to take a closer look at the phrase “chief prince,” and find its precise Hebraic meaning.


When researching a term, whether in Hebrew or Greek, a biblical concordance is a necessity, as it defines the exact meaning of a word, while also indexing its usage throughout the scriptures.


In Eze.38&39 the word “chief” means ‘head’ and is read as Rosh. It is used as a noun to express a rank of command that is held by Gog.


The word “prince” in Eze.38&39 is used as a verb, rather than a noun and means lifted up or exalted.


In direct contrast, the word ‘prince’ in Dan.1:7, 8, 9,10,11,18 is used as a noun, and refers to a moral being.


Also, the term ‘prince’ in Dan.10:13, 20, 21, is used as a noun, but in this instance, it refers to a spiritual being.


Clearly, the phrase “chief prince,” as found in Eze.38&39 has nothing to do with a person or a spiritual being.


When we read, “Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal,” it is understood that Gog is a land ‘lifted up or exalted’ as the ‘head’ of Meshech and Tubal.


Meshech and Tubal were regional areas of several ancient kingdoms that existed before and during the days of Ezekiel.


They were mentioned in scripture for the exact purpose of pinpointing a specific area that would one day become a major factor in the fulfillment of end time prophecy.


Today, they are part of the ancient geographical history of Turkey, with Meshech having existed at one time in the west, and Tubal toward the east.


The Lord continues to sketch out the land of Gog by explaining its northern and southern borders in Eze.38:6 were we read of Gomer, and the house of Togarmah of the north quarters.


The land of Gomer was first known as Kashka in the second Millennium BC. And, by the 8th century BC, it had become the home of the Cimmerians.


It was during the prophetic years of Ezekiel that this same tribal region was occupied by the Cappadocia’s, in the land of Gomer, an area that was rooted in what is now part of northeastern Turkey.


The house of Togarmah of the north quarter came forth from the descendants of Japheth, the eldest son of Noah. Yet, their land was part of the Hittite Empire in 1350 BC, which was founded by Ham, the youngest son of Noah, and would be located today in southeastern Turkey.


The phrase “of the north quarter” means ‘far north’, and refers to the land that extends beyond the cedars of Lebanon and the nation of Syria, two places that have retained their identity from the days of Ezekiel until now, and which lay just north of Israel.


Beyond the borders of Lebanon and Syria is ‘far north’ or “of the north quarter,” and is acknowledged as southern Turkey.


When we gather all the data on Gog that was given to the prophet Ezekiel over 2500 years ago, there is no doubt the LORD was speaking of modern day Turkey; whose borders were neither defined nor recognized by the world until 1923.


After identifying Gog, we might want to consider its name, which was selected by the LORD, and would therefore seem to hold some sort of significance.


I tend to think that Gog, meaning ‘high mountain’ might actually be a reference to Mt. Ararat, unique in both its biblical context, and its exclusive geographical location to modern day Turkey.


And, what a magnificent and exceptional ‘sign’ Mt. Ararat makes, remaining a biblical site of renown throughout the eons of time.



King James Bible

Young’s Analytical Concordance

Atlas of the Bible Lands by Hammond; used in locating ancient biblical regions